Monday, April 30, 2012

Program Examines Fate of WWII Bomber

    The excavation of a crashed World War II bomber near Potlatch is the focus of a program at the Coeur d’Alene Public Library on Wednesday, May 23, at 7 p.m.
     “The Crash of SN- 42-29562: A World War II Bomber in Distress” will be presented by Bruce Ellis from the Clearwater National Forest in the library’s Community Room, 702 E. Front Ave.
    The presentation is about two seasons of excavation and archival research on the crash site of a Boeing B-17F bomber.  The aircraft crashed near Potlatch while on a routine long-distance navigation training mission in early December 1943. The flight originated from Hobbs, N.M, with Geiger Field (Spokane International) as its intended destination.
    Ellis said the project has opened a window on one of the most important periods in American history.
    With Master of Arts degree in anthropology from the University of Texas at San Antonio, Ellis has been working in the field of archaeology for the past 30 years. His experience includes several years of academic and private industry work in Belize, Guatemala and Texas.
    For the past 23 years he has worked for the Forest Service as a program leader in Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, and, in 2007, in Idaho. He holds a current private pilot’s certificate and is an avid aviation historian.
    His presentation in Coeur d’Alene is co-sponsored by the Idaho Historical Society in conjunction with Idaho Archaeology and Historic Preservation Month. For more information visit
    A related activity is scheduled for Wednesday, May 23, 11 a.m. to 1 p.m., in Q’emiln Riverside Park in Post Falls. “Q’emiln Quest” is sponsored by the Post Falls Historical Society. For information on that program contact Kim Brown at 208-773-4681.
Patrons who need accommodation to participate in library programs or services are asked to contact the staff prior to the activity by calling 208-769-2315. For more library information visit The library is a department of the City of Coeur d’Alene and a member of the Cooperative Information Network, Library Director, Bette Ammon. Library hours: Monday to Thursday, 10 a.m. to 8 p.m./Friday, 10 a.m. to 6 p.m./Saturday and Sunday, noon to 4 p.m. For regular updates follow the library on Facebook and Twitter.

Davis to Share Russian Adventure Photos

    Coeur d’Alene attorney Denny Davis will share photos and stories from his trip to Russia during the next “Novel Destinations” program at the Coeur d’Alene Public Library, 702 E. Front Ave., Wednesday, May 16, at 7 p.m.
   Davis’ free program is entitled: “Moscow and Fishing in the Russian Far East.”
   “Novel Destinations” is sponsored by the Library Foundation as an opportunity for area residents to share photos from unique places around the world.
   Anyone interested in sharing their travel stories is asked to contact Ruth Pratt, Foundation Executive Director, at 208-769-2380. 

Patrons who need accommodation to participate in library programs or services are asked to contact the staff prior to the activity by calling 208-769-2315. For more library information visit The library is a department of the City of Coeur d’Alene and a member of the Cooperative Information Network, Library Director, Bette Ammon. Library hours: Monday to Thursday, 10 a.m. to 8 p.m./Friday, 10 a.m. to 6 p.m./Saturday and Sunday, noon to 4 p.m. For regular updates follow the library on Facebook and Twitter.

Specialized Needs Recreation Hosts May 5th Talent Show

This Saturday, May 5th, Specialized Needs Recreation (SNR) will host their “10th Annual Shining Stars Talent Show Fundraiser,” from 6:00 p.m. until 8:30 p.m. The show will be held at Real Life Ministries-RLM2, 1866 North Cecil Road in Post Falls and will highlight the last ten years of shows. The entry fee is $5.00. All proceeds raised will go toward scholarships for the upcoming summer day camp program for low income youth.

SNR will be raffling-off themed baskets such as: Couples, Women’s, Men’s, and Family baskets. They will also raffle off many miscellaneous baskets and will hold a Silent Auction. Many wonderful donations have been given for these baskets by SNR parents and community businesses.

If you would like to spend a night filled with fun and pure entertainment, you won’t want to miss “A Decade of Talent!” There are 43 individuals in this year’s show and they have been practicing for months for this special night.  Please come and help them celebrate their success!

SNR is still in need of volunteers for this event.  If you are interested in helping out at the talent show, with decorating and/or tearing down costumes, or if you would like more information about SNR and the programs it provides, contact Angie Goucher, SNR Executive Director at 755-6781.

Wednesday, April 25, 2012

Libraries Adopting New Computer Catalog System

       Patrons using the computer catalog at any of the member libraries for the Cooperative Information Network (CIN) - which includes the Coeur d'Alene Public Library - beginning April 30 will find it has a new look and new user-friendly features.
Patron and item records for the 27 libraries in CIN will all begin using the Koha computer catalog system that will replace the current system.
Patrons will access the catalog, and their patron accounts, in the same way, using search tools at the website for each library or through the CIN site.
CIN library managers have opted to use the Koha system because it offers patrons more options in searching for books and other items and managing their accounts. Patrons who choose to do so will be able to keep reading histories. Patrons will also be able to place holds on the first available item and place multiple holds more easily, among other advantages.
The system is also more efficient and dependable for library staffs and is less expensive for the cooperative.
The Tensed Library and the Tri-Community Library at Fernwood are the two most recent additions to CIN – a consortium of libraries sharing a common library card, circulation services, and a computer catalog.
Other libraries in the cooperative include: the Community Library Network (a library district) including Athol, Harrison, Hayden, Pinehurst-Kingston, Post Falls, Rathdrum, Spirit Lake libraries and the bookmobile; the West Bonner County Library District with Blanchard and Priest River libraries; the Pend Oreille County (Wash.) Library District, including Calispel Valley, Ione, Metalines, and Newport libraries; DeArmond Consumer Health Library; Kellogg Public Library; Mullan Library, Osburn Public Library; Plummer Public Library; Priest Lake Public Library; Silver Hills Elementary School; St. Maries Public Library; Wallace High School Library; and Wallace Public Library.
For more information on using the new system, call or visit your local CIN library.

Tuesday, April 24, 2012

Turn in Old Medications at CdA Library, April 28th

The Coeur d’Alene Police Department is sponsoring a “Prescription Drug Turn-in Day” as part of the Drug Enforcement Agency’s fourth National Pharmaceutical Drug Take Back Day, April 28th. The Prescription Drug Turn-In will be open from 10:00 a.m. until 2:00 p.m. in front of the Coeur d’Alene Library, 702 E. Front Avenue. Coeur d’Alene Police will be on hand during that period to receive and destroy outdated or unused prescription medication.

The purpose of “Prescription Drug Turn-in Day” is to stop the diversion of medications at the “source” and to help citizens dispose of outdated medications or medications that are no longer needed. By disposing of the items safely, it also helps our environment because they won’t be flushed into the wastewater system. “There is growing concern that personal care products and pharmaceuticals can pass through a wastewater treatment plant and end up poisoning aquatic life in our rivers and streams,” said Wastewater Superintendent Sid Fredrickson. “We ask our citizens not to flush these products down the drain.”

PLEASE NOTE: Only medications will be accepted – do not bring syringes or biohazards. Please do not bring, for example, allergy needles or needles used for injections.

Sharpies will be provided for the public to mark out any personal information on the prescription bottle. Chief Longo encourages the public to turn in unused prescription medications. For more information, please call 769-2320.

In addition to the bi-annual turn-in events, a Medication Turn-In Box is now available in the lobby of the CdA Police Department, 3818 Schreiber Way. This secure container provides a twenty-four hour Public Service for the proper disposal of prescription medications. It is maintained by the Evidence Office.

City Ready to Begin Spring Paint Striping

The city will start spring street striping beginning the week of Monday, April 30th as weather permits. Street striping requires clean, dry streets and reasonably warm ambient air temperatures. Now that all city arterials have been swept clean and city crews have completed their equipment preparations and pre-marking of faded lines, work can begin.

Striping the city is a significant effort that requires the application of over 1,500 gallons of paint together with nearly five (5) tons of glass beads. This work will take about 12 days of good weather to get accomplished. Striping is done only in the daytime when the weather is warm enough for the paint to dry quickly. Every effort is made to use a pilot car with warning signs to alert motorists. Citizens are urged to be watchful for painting operations throughout the city over the next few weeks and yield to painting operations to avoid wet paint. For more information, please call 769-2233.

Monday, April 23, 2012

Celebrate Arbor Day, April 28th, at North Pines Park

Arbor Day Events Begin April 23rd

Coeur d’Alene is planning several Arbor Day events during the week beginning April 23rd through April 28th.

All of the fourth grade students in the Coeur d’Alene, Post Falls, and Lakeland school districts will be receiving tree seedlings. The seedlings were purchased with donations from the local timber industry companies, tree services, and nurseries. They will be individually packed and tagged by Arbor Day volunteers on Monday, April 23rd.

Along with the seedlings, the fourth grade students will receive an Arbor Day button. The designer of this year’s button, and winner of the Arbor Day Button Art Contest, is Marina Thaxton of Coeur d’Alene High School.

Tree seedlings will also be given out at the children’s programs at the Coeur d’Alene Library throughout the week. On Wednesday, April 25th, Katie Kosanke, Coeur d’Alene’s Urban Forestry Assistant, will be giving special pre-school and children’s programs about Arbor Day and the benefits of trees at 10:30 a.m., 1:00 p.m., and 4:00 p.m.

Friday, April 27th is Idaho’s official Arbor Day. The Master Gardeners will celebrate by giving out free tree seedlings at the Hayden, Rathdrum, Post Falls, Spirit Lake, and Athol libraries.

Coeur d’Alene will be having a community-wide Arbor Day Celebration at North Pines Park (1015 E. Lunceford Lane) on Saturday, April 28th. It will start with the planting of several new park trees at 11:00 a.m. Those who want to help plant should bring gardening gloves and be dressed for outdoor work. A ceremony will be held at 11:40 a.m. The winners of the Arbor Day button art contest and poster contest will be recognized. Coeur d’Alene will also be presented with a Tree City USA award from the National Arbor Day Foundation. This will be the 28th consecutive year of Tree City USA recognition for Coeur d’Alene.

At noon there will be a hot dog lunch, courtesy of Sun Valley Tree Service. There will also be a display of Arbor Day button and poster art, door prizes, and tree care information. Free tree seedlings will be given to all who attend. For more information, please contact Karen Haskew, Urban Forester, at 208/769-2266.

Friday, April 20, 2012

History Buffs Sought for McEuen Park Historical Committee

Are you interested in local history? The McEuen Park Historical Committee is seeking individuals who have an interest in working in a group atmosphere to talk about the historical uses of the McEuen Park area.

A meeting has been scheduled for Thursday, April 26th, at 6:00 p.m., in the Library Community Room. The goal is to discuss the various historical uses and to research necessary data. After reviewing the historical uses, the committee will forward its recommendations to the design team for sign information that helps capture the many uses of the area.

Tina Johnson will be the chairperson of the McEuen Park Historical Committee and Robert Singletary will present the many historical uses he has researched. For more information, please contact 769-2252.

Wednesday, April 18, 2012

Test Irrigation Backflow Assemblies Annually

Lawn irrigation systems make watering lawns and gardens easier, save you time, and can be designed to be water efficient. However, water that is contaminated by weed killers, fertilizers, and animal waste can “flow back” into your drinking water (a problem known as backflow).

To protect your drinking water from potential contamination, it is important to have an approved backflow protection assembly/device located on your irrigation system. It is equally important to make certain that this backflow assembly is tested annually – in fact, it’s required by Idaho State law and City Ordinance 1776.

Backflow assemblies must be tested annually at spring irrigation start up. This test, performed by a private, state-licensed backflow tester (the City of Coeur d’Alene has a list of approved testers), verifies that the assembly is functioning correctly.

A lawn irrigation system that is not protected by an approved backflow prevention assembly, or protected by an assembly that is not functioning correctly, endangers the health of a household, neighborhood, and an entire community.

If you have any questions or wish to obtain a state-licensed backflow tester list, contact Greg Schrempp (676-7408), or Gary Nolan (769-2220, Ext. 818), City of Coeur d’Alene Water Department. Water Department offices are located at 3820 Ramsey Road.

Building, Mechanical, and Plumbing Inspections Unavailable April 24th Due to Required Staff Training

The City of Coeur d’Alene Building Services Department would like to inform contractors and homeowners that there will be no building, mechanical, or plumbing inspections performed on Tuesday, April 24th, in the City of Coeur d’Alene jurisdiction due to required staff training for continuing education credits on the 2009 International Residential Code. Please call 769-2267 for more information.

Mullan Road Stormwater Retrofit Project Begins April 23rd

On Monday, April 23rd, the city will break ground on a stormwater retrofit project that it identified as a critical project for years. It has also created serious problems, especially during major rain events. Due to the location’s high vehicle use and the education corridor work that was formerly taking place, circumstances have not been favorable to start the project. With careful planning and a can-do contractor, the right time has finally come to make the city’s wastewater plant work more efficiently and to divert stormwater where it is meant to go.

The project will take place on Mullan Road from the east end of the Memorial Field parking area, extending west along Mullan Road and north on Park Drive to Garden Avenue. The project’s outcome will be to block the existing storm water system from entering the sanitary sewer system and divert it into the existing storm water collection system on Park Drive and Garden Avenue. This will eliminate storm water in the area from flowing into the Coeur d’Alene Wastewater Treatment Plant, saving the cost of treating storm water to wastewater effluent standards.

On Monday, April 23rd, the contractor, Big Sky Development, will start construction of 891 linear feet of new, 12-inch diameter storm drain piping, installation of catch basins and manholes, and asphalt surface repair. Because the work will take place within the paved areas of Mullan Road and Park Drive, traffic control is a priority. With the exception of a small portion of Park Drive (at the intersection of Park Drive and Mullan Road), there will be no road closures.

During the construction period, residents of the area and NIC students and staff are encouraged to use the newly-constructed Hubbard Avenue entrance to access the area. Motorists should exercise caution around the work zone. Some of the streets that will have delays or intermittent street closures are: Mullan Road, Park Drive, and the Garden Avenue / Park Drive Intersection.

Project work will begin on April 23rd, and completion is anticipated by May 11th. For more information, please contact Project Manager Jim Remitz at 769-2278.

Tuesday, April 17, 2012

Arbor Day Poster Contest Winners Announced

The Coeur d’Alene Parks Department is pleased to announce the winners of the Arbor Day Poster contest for local fifth grade students. Five schools participated, submitting a total of 67 entries. This year’s Arbor Day Poster contest winners are:

1st Place: Lexxandria Wilcoxon of Skyway Elementary
2nd Place: Aidan Jones of Sorensen Elementary
3rd Place: Sarena Kaschmitter of Winton Elementary

The Arbor Day Poster contest is a great way to encourage students to learn more about the importance of trees. Students created posters with the theme “Trees are Terrific in Cities and Towns,” which is designed to increase a student’s understanding of how trees benefit our community.

Contest winners will receive a tee-shirt with their art printed on it for their hard work. In addition, the top three will also receive a trophy. Awards will be presented at the Arbor Day Celebration, Saturday, April 28th, at North Pines Park (1015 Lunceford Lane). The celebration will start at 11:00 a.m. with tree planting, awards ceremony at 11:40 a.m. and a free hot dog lunch at noon. Special thanks go to Parker Toyota for sponsoring local prizes for the Arbor Day Poster contest. Thanks also to the Urban Forestry Committee for judging.

For directions or more information on the Arbor Day Celebration, please contact the Parks Department at 415-0415 or 769-2266 or see

Monday, April 16, 2012

‘Charlie Wilson’s War’ Wraps Up Library Series

      “Charlie Wilson’s War,” based on a true story, completes the current “Moving Book” film series at the Coeur d’Alene Public Library, Thursday, May 3, at 7 p.m.
Sponsored by the Library Foundation, the film series has focused on movies based on books shown on the big screen in the library’s Community Room, 702 E. Front Ave.
A $5 donation is suggested with proceeds going to enhance the library’s DVD collection. Free popcorn is provided.
The May selection is based on “Charlie Wilson’s War: The Extraordinary Story of the Largest Covert Operation in History” by George Crile. It tells the story of U.S. Rep. Charlie Wilson (D-Texas) and his work with a CIA operative to supply arms to the fighters resisting the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan in the 1980s.
Directed by Mike Nichols, the film stars Tom Hanks, Julia Roberts, and Philip Seymour Hoffman. It was released in 2007 and has a running time 100 minutes. The film is rated R.

Patrons who need accommodation to participate in library programs or services are asked to contact the staff prior to the activity by calling 208-769-2315. For more library information visit The library is a department of the City of Coeur d’Alene and a member of the Cooperative Information Network, Library Director, Bette Ammon. Library hours: Monday to Thursday, 10 a.m. to 8 p.m./Friday, 10 a.m. to 6 p.m./Saturday and Sunday, noon to 4 p.m. For regular updates follow the library on Facebook and Twitter.

Arbor Day Button Art Winners Announced

The local Arbor Day Committee has announced the winners of an art contest to design a button for Arbor Day distribution. Marina Thaxton, a junior at Coeur d’Alene High School, designed the winning artwork. The second place winner is Payton Nielsen, and placing third is Kayla Cahoon, both of Coeur d’Alene High School.

Marina Thaxton’s art will be featured on a button that will be distributed along with tree seedlings to 1,800 Kootenai County fourth grade students the week of April 23rd – 27th. Buttons will also be available to the public at various local Arbor Day events.

The annual button art contest is open to middle school and high school students who live within the Coeur d’Alene, Post Falls, and Lakeland school districts. The local Arbor Day Committee narrowed over 100 pieces of submitted artwork down to six finalists. The final judging was then done by the real experts – fourth grade students. As the winner, Marina will receive a check for $75, a tee-shirt featuring her artwork, and a supply of Arbor Day buttons to give to family and friends.

As the second place winner, Payton Nielsen will receive a check for $50 and buttons made from her art work. The third place winner, Kayla Cahoon, will receive $25 and buttons. The other artists that made it to the finals will also receive buttons featuring their own artwork. They are Cori Haney of Coeur d’Alene High School, and Grace Olson and Carley Fortier of the Coeur d’Alene Charter Academy. Meghan Selle will be recognized as the third place finisher from the Coeur d’Alene Charter Academy.

Prizes will be awarded to the top three winners at the Coeur d’Alene Arbor Day Celebration on April 28. The celebration starts at 11:00 a.m. at North Pines Park. The winning art will also be featured on cable channel CDA-TV (channel 19) in April and May.

Arbor Day is a tree-planting holiday celebrated both nationally and internationally. Idaho’s Arbor Day is the last Friday in April – April 27th this year. The local Arbor Day Committee that sponsors the Button Art contest consists of representatives from federal, state, and city governments as well as several local service organizations. The Arbor Day seedlings and buttons that are distributed are purchased with donations from local forest products companies, nurseries, and tree services. Community volunteers individually package and tag the trees. For more information, please contact Karen Haskew, 769-2266 or John Schwandt, U.S. Forest Service, 765-7415.

Friday, April 13, 2012

Cd'A Library to Host Parents Resource Fair

      Being a family can be a challenge at the best of times. But when times are challenging all parents can use a little help.
The Coeur d’Alene Public Library will host a Parents Resource Fair Friday, April 20, 1-5 p.m. in the Community Room at 702 E. Front Ave.
“As an information provider, the Library is happy to have all these community resources together for parents of young children,” said Library Director Bette Ammon. “While people are here, they can stop by the children’s department and check out the offerings for kids of all ages.”
Information exhibits and representatives will be available from the Dirne Health Clinic, the Department of Health and Welfare, Child Care Resources, Head Start, Early Head Start, the University of Idaho Extension Office, the Infant Toddler Program, WIC, and other community Resources.
For more information contact Annabelle Jones at the library, 208-769-2315.
Patrons who need accommodation to participate in library programs or services are asked to contact the staff prior to the activity by calling 208-769-2315. For more library information visit The library is a department of the City of Coeur d’Alene and a member of the Cooperative Information Network, Library Director, Bette Ammon. Library hours: Monday to Thursday, 10 a.m. to 8 p.m./Friday, 10 a.m. to 6 p.m./Saturday and Sunday, noon to 4 p.m. For regular updates follow the library on Facebook and Twitter.

Thursday, April 5, 2012

Puppeteer, Teen Author, Duct Tape to Mark National Library Week

     A professional puppeteer, a local teen author, and creative uses for duct tape are on the schedule as the Coeur d’Alene Public Library marks National Library Week April 9-15.
Bonnie Jakubos will entertain all ages Wednesday, April 11, at 4 p.m. using the puppet theater in the Shirley Parker Storyroom in the Seagraves Children’s Library – downstairs at the library building, 702 E. Front Ave. A craft and refreshments will follow.
On Sunday, April 15, 2-4 p.m. in the Community Room, published local author Kaye Thornbrugh will discuss her new book, “Flicker,” a fantasy novel for young adults.
After her presentation teens are invited to stay and enjoy snacks and to create crafts with duct tape.
Thornbrugh is a former student member of the Library Board of Trustees and past winner of the Writers Competition at the library. The daughter of Catherine Thornbrugh, she was editor for Coeur d’Alene High School’s award-winning Viking Voice her junior and senior year. She was also on the CHS Scholastics Team and involved with the CHS TeraViks robotics team.
    Thornbrugh is currently studying journalism at North Idaho College and is an assistant editor for the NIC Sentinel newspaper.

Signing for Babies Added to Library Schedule

      A program for babies involving American Sign Language has been added to the schedule for Spring Reading Programs in the Seagraves Children’s Library.
The four-week course, “Read and Sign With Baby,” is designed to use ASL to communicate with infants before they begin to talk. Story and song activities are included.
Registration is requested for the course which will begin April 12 at 2 p.m.
Other spring programs beginning April 10 include:
§ Book Babies Lap-Sit: For ages newborn to 2 accompanied by a parent or other caregiver. Tuesdays, 10:15-10:45 a.m., and Fridays, 10:30-11 a.m.
§ Tales for Twos and Threes: For ages 2 and 3. Tuesdays, 11-11:30 a.m.
§ Preschool Storytime: For ages 3-5. Wednesdays, 10:30-11 a.m., and 1-1:30 p.m.
§ Game Café: For ages 8-12. Wednesdays, 4-5 p.m.
§ LEGO Club: For ages 5-10. Thursdays, 4-5 p.m.
§ Home Schoolers Game & Activity Hour: For home-school children of school age (registration required). Contact Jolie, 208-765-4393. Tuesday, April 10, 1-2:30 p.m.
§ Arbor Day Activities: April 25, at 4 p.m. (in place of the usual Game Café), children will learn about the importance of trees in our community and can take home trees to plant.
Children under 6 visiting the library need to be supervised by an adult or a person who is at least 14 even during programs. Children ages 6-9 should be accompanied by someone who is at least 14 who will remain in the building.
Patrons who need accommodation to participate in library programs or services are asked to contact the staff prior to the activity by calling 208-769-2315. For more library information visit The library is a department of the City of Coeur d’Alene and a member of the Cooperative Information Network, Library Director, Bette Ammon. Library hours: Monday to Thursday, 10 a.m. to 8 p.m./Friday, 10 a.m. to 6 p.m./Saturday and Sunday, noon to 4 p.m. For regular updates follow the library on Facebook and Twitter.

Monday, April 2, 2012

Become A Student Representative to City Committees!

In the year 2000, the Coeur d’Alene City Council passed an ordinance allowing youth representation on City Boards, Commissions, and Committees. Service on these boards gives high school students, who are roughly between the ages of 14 and 18, an unprecedented opportunity to learn about city government, special projects, and to become involved in the Coeur d’Alene community.

If you are interested in serving as a student representative or alternate on any of the following committees, or know of a student who might be interested, please call Victoria Bruno at 769-2204 for an application or print one out online at

Committees on which you might possibly serve are:

Arts Commission
CdA TV Committee
Parking Commission
Recreation & Parks Commission
Child Care Commission
Natural Open Space Committee
Urban Forestry Committee

Students may serve as an advisory member to the: Planning Commission

A question often asked is: What is the time commitment for a student representative?

It depends on the board, commission, or committee, but for the most part, city boards meet once a month, for not much longer than an hour or two. The biggest exception is the Planning Commission which meets two (2) or more times a month, and often for much longer than one hour. Furthermore, the CdA-TV Committee and the Urban Forestry Committee meet in the morning, so be sure your school schedule can be accommodating.

Students who demonstrate an interest to continue serving on their respective committees may be considered for reappointment at the end of the school year.

“When young people serve their community, everybody wins. Our committees gain fresh ideas from young minds, the students learn about the many volunteers who make Coeur d’Alene a ‘City of Excellence,’ and we all have an opportunity to meet our next generation of leaders,” said Mayor Sandi Bloem, adding, “I appreciate the commitment of the students and their time.”

To find out more about an individual board/commission/committee, visit the city’s website and click on the individual board or its agenda. You may also email for information or an application. Please mail in or drop off applications to City Hall by June 1st – and be sure to include at least one letter of recommendation!